Surveyors also lay out the routes of railways, tramway tracks , highways, roads, pipelines and streets as well as position other infrastructure, such as harbors , before construction. In the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and most Commonwealth countries land surveying is considered to be a separate and distinct profession.
Does this Case need a Civil Engineer or a Structural Engineer?
Land surveyors are not considered to be engineers, and have their own professional associations and licensing requirements. The services of a licensed land surveyor are generally required for boundary surveys to establish the boundaries of a parcel using its legal description and subdivision plans a plot or map based on a survey of a parcel of land, with boundary lines drawn inside the larger parcel to indicate the creation of new boundary lines and roads , both of which are generally referred to as Cadastral surveying.
Construction surveying is generally performed by specialised technicians. Unlike land surveyors, the resulting plan does not have legal status. Construction surveyors perform the following tasks:. Transportation engineering is concerned with moving people and goods efficiently, safely, and in a manner conducive to a vibrant community. This involves specifying, designing, constructing, and maintaining transportation infrastructure which includes streets, canals, highways, rail systems , airports, ports, and mass transit. It includes areas such as transportation design, transportation planning , traffic engineering , some aspects of urban engineering , queueing theory , pavement engineering , Intelligent Transportation System ITS , and infrastructure management.
Municipal engineering is concerned with municipal infrastructure. This involves specifying, designing, constructing, and maintaining streets, sidewalks , water supply networks , sewers, street lighting , municipal solid waste management and disposal, storage depots for various bulk materials used for maintenance and public works salt, sand, etc.
In the case of underground utility networks, it may also include the civil portion conduits and access chambers of the local distribution networks of electrical and telecommunications services. It can also include the optimizing of waste collection and bus service networks.
Some of these disciplines overlap with other civil engineering specialties, however municipal engineering focuses on the coordination of these infrastructure networks and services, as they are often built simultaneously, and managed by the same municipal authority. Municipal engineers may also design the site civil works for large buildings, industrial plants or campuses i. Water resources engineering is concerned with the collection and management of water as a natural resource.
As a discipline it therefore combines elements of hydrology, environmental science, meteorology , conservation , and resource management. This area of civil engineering relates to the prediction and management of both the quality and the quantity of water in both underground aquifers and above ground lakes, rivers, and streams resources. Water resource engineers analyze and model very small to very large areas of the earth to predict the amount and content of water as it flows into, through, or out of a facility.
Although the actual design of the facility may be left to other engineers. Hydraulic engineering is concerned with the flow and conveyance of fluids, principally water.
This area of civil engineering is intimately related to the design of pipelines , water supply network , drainage facilities including bridges, dams, channels , culverts , levees , storm sewers , and canals. Hydraulic engineers design these facilities using the concepts of fluid pressure , fluid statics , fluid dynamics , and hydraulics, among others. Civil engineering systems is a discipline that promotes the use of systems thinking to manage complexity and change in civil engineering within its wider public context.
It posits that the proper development of civil engineering infrastructure requires a holistic , coherent understanding of the relationships between all of the important factors that contribute to successful projects while at the same time emphasising the importance of attention to technical detail. Its purpose is to help integrate the entire civil engineering project life cycle from conception, through planning, designing, making, operating to decommissioning. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: History of structural engineering.
Main article: Civil engineer. Main articles: Coastal engineering and Coastal management. Main article: Construction engineering. Main article: Earthquake engineering. Main article: Environmental engineering. Main article: Forensic engineering. Main article: Geotechnical engineering.
Main article: Materials science. Main article: Structural engineering. Play media.
Main articles: Surveying and Construction surveying. Main article: Transportation engineering. Main article: Urban engineering. See also: Hydraulic engineering and Hydrology. Engineering portal. Architectural engineering Civil engineering software Engineering drawing Glossary of civil engineering Index of civil engineering articles List of civil engineers List of engineering branches List of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks Macro-engineering Railway engineering Site survey. Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 8 August Institution of Civil Engineers.
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Retrieved 15 May The Canadian Society for Civil Engineering. Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 9 August University of Colorado. Retrieved 2 November Ancient Water Technologies. Engineering Your Future. Great Lakes Press. Geotechnical engineers analyze site conditions and design foundations and earthworks. Geotechnical engineers deal primarily with soil properties, and soil mechanics. Structural engineering is concerned with the structural design and structural analysis of buildings, bridges, and other structures.
This involves calculating the stresses and forces that act upon or arise within a structure, and designing the structure to successfully resist those forces and stresses. Transportation engineering is concerned with moving people and goods efficiently, safely, and in a manner conductive to a vibrant community. Questions What kind of discipline is civil engineering? Which is the oldest engineering discipline?
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What are the civil engineering sub-disciplines? Which sectors usecivil engineering? Answers Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline.